FROM VIDEOGRAPHY TO VIDEOGRAPHY
Originally, Videographie was a TV show produced and broadcasted from 1976 to 1986 on RTBF(Radio-Télévision belge francophone). Trough that initiative, the viewers of the public broadcaster discovered an art coming to the light at the time: the video.
Born in the 70’s and based on Jean-Paul Tréfois (producer) and Robert Stéphane‘s initiative, Videographie was the first show in Europe to be exclusively dedicated to video. Broadcasted on RTBF from 1976 to 1986, this fascinating and original television experiment – which was developed in the wake of the aesthetical, political and technological revolutions from the late 60’s – always sticked to its double aim through the 135 episodes produced that decade: to be educative and artistical.
If the first episodes remain relatively heterogeneous and willingly educational, the producers quickly change the editorial line in order to give its true identity to the show. Videographie, carried by a nonconformist and deliberately militant impulse, had the ambition to radically transform the society through television. The close ties bound with Canal Emploi or the community television, RTC – both engaged in production and support to alternative works – took directly part in this perspective.
In the meantime, Videographie carries on its promotional mission of video art which is, already at the time, one of the most important artistic forms of the 20th century. Community expression space and as well as true vector of diffusion, the show offered to the audience a unique chance of discovering the work of young US, German and French artists from that time (Bill Viola, Nam June Paik, Wolf Vostell and Jean-Luc Godard). The show also – and mostly – contributed to the emergence and recognition of Belgian video (especially form Liège) by gathering around itself an amount of innovative artists such as Jacques-Louis Nyst, Jacques Lizène, Jean-Claude Riga, Jacques Charlier, the Dardenne Brothers, etc.
From 1979, Videographie, decisively and ultimately, evolve by developing – like US public broadcasters – a more effectively targeted production. Studios were opened to national and international artists, through its skills and means, help was given to international artistic events (we remember especially the concert of Laurie Anderson, “United States”, shown at the Cirque Divers). In other words, Videographie definitively leave a trail in the history of video art and turn Liège into a major spot dedicated to contemporary artistic creation.
Unfortunately, in 1986, because of the amazing evolution of video in the early 80’s, Videographie went off the air. Born from television, video will keep on growing in museums and gallerias, especially with its new form: the installation.
However, the avant-gardist spirit of Videographie doesn’t vanish entirely with the end of the show. In 2003, the non-profit making organization, Videographies (plural), is born. Settled in Liège, it has carried on – for more than 10 years now – the spreading of contemporary culture. Their goals are the promotion of creation, experimentation and the digital arts trough events and TV shows production.
Between 2012 and 2013, 9 TV shows (of, more or less, one hour long) were produced for “La Trois” (the cultural channel of RTBF) These shows mixed up contemporary videos and records of the historical show or pioneer of video art and works from the prize-winners of “The International Contest of Video art” set up by Videographies in 2010 (in close collaboration with the International Bienniale of Contemporary Art of Istanbul).
On the organised events besides the 30 years of Videographie (the historical TV show) celebrated in 2006, Videographies (the association) sets up many meetings such as “Crazy cinématographe” or “La nuit de la video” in 2007, “Par delà la frontier/over de grens” in 2012 with also a Carte blanche to Argos.
Since 2009, Videographies is working with the European Capitals of Culture:
- In 2009, Exprmntl with LINZ and Ars Electronica. This event was dedicated in particular to the various prize-winning movies of the mythical festival, EXPRMNTL, which took place in Knokke (and Brussels) between 1949 and 1973. This festival still appears nowadays as one of the biggest event ever dedicated to the Experimental and forward-thinking cinema.
- In 2010, as it’s mentioned above, with Istanbul.
- In 2011, in association with Tallinn and Priit Parn (famous director of animated movies) for “Animation expérimentale”.
- In 2013, in association with Marseille-Provence for the 50th anniversary of video art. For the occasion, Les instants videos numériques et poétiques (Marseille) had planned celebrations in various places: Tokyo, Liège, Alexandria, Ramallah and Marseille.
- And now in partnership with Mons 2015 and close connection with San Sebastian-Donostia European Capital of Culture 2016